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Missed Geratoler Silent Key

Mark brought it to my attention that I missed John W9WY IN #2478 in the May QST. Sorry for the mistake. Dave KJ8V

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Happy to report that there were no Geratoler Silent Keys listed in the MAY QST. Dave KJ8V

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Geratoler Silent Keys

Sorry to report that there was one silent key listed in the March QST. Walt LA #649.

Also there were W8BUD Walt MI #2409 reported by Barry K2MF and AD4SQ Charlie GA #1807 Reported by Harv AA4HF. Harv and I were both good friends with Charlie. We would meet Charlie at the Dalton Hamfest every year for a long time.

RIP guys you will be missed. Dave KJ8V

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As part of our ongoing series on the 50 states, this POST will cover the state of VERMONT, which was the 14th state to formally ratify the United States constitution, following Rhode Island and just ahead of Kentucky.

Official seal of Vermont
Vermont Seal

Vermont is a state in the New England region of the United States. It borders the states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, and New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the only state in New England that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. Vermont is the second-least-populated U.S. state and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the least-populous state capital in the United States.

Before Vermont became the 14th state, it existed as an independent nation for 14 years. It became independent in 1777 following clashes over land. The development allowed locals to begin printing their currency, enacting laws that banned slavery and established postal service.

Pail used to collect sap of maple trees to produce maple syrup.
Maple Tree Sap Being Collected

The state is undoubtedly the largest producer of maple syrup in the country. It produces a staggering 35 percent of the total supply on the market. Many locals produce the syrup at home while others pay a prominent role as the big producers. Did you know that it takes 40 gallons of maple sap to make 1 gallon of maple syrup? The sap from the maple trees flows and is collected in buckets.

A Vermont Classic

The state is the birthplace of the well-known ice cream brand, Ben & Jerry’s. The company still operates from headquarters in Vermont. Local farmers benefit from Ben & Jerry’s commercial activities as they receive ice cream waste to feed the hops.

Cold Temps Not Unusual in VT

You think you have experienced COLD. Just imagine this COLD. The coldest recorded temp is -50 in Bloomfield in 1933.

There aren’t more cows than people in Vermont. However, in ratio of cows to people, Vermont has the greatest number of dairy cows in the country.

Many like a little snow, especially around Christmas time, but are you ready for levels like the winter of 1970/1971 they experienced in Vermont? The greatest snowfall for a single season was 26.5 feet of snow! Yikes, time to think about Florida !!

Interesting Facts about Vermont
The GREEN Mountain State

Some additional Fun Facts about the state of VERMONT:

  • With a population of fewer than nine thousand people, Montpelier, Vermont is the smallest state capital in the U.S.
  • Montpelier, Vermont is the only U.S. state capital without a McDonalds.
  • Vermont’s largest employer isn’t Ben and Jerry’s, it’s IBM.
  • Vermont was, at various times, claimed by both New Hampshire and New York.
  • Until 1996, Vermont was the only state without a Wal-Mart.
  • Rudyard Kipling, living in Vermont in the 1890’s invented the game of snow golf.
  • Vermont does not sell alcohol to out of state licenses, you must have a liquor ID in order to purchase alcohol at liquor stores and grocery stores. This doesn’t apply to bars, but can affect those traveling through the state.
  • U.S. President Calvin Coolidge was the only president born on the fourth of July. Born in Plymouth 7/4/1872.
  • The origin of Vermont name came from a French phrase of “Le Verts Monts”. Means of the phrase is Green Mountain.
  • There are no billboards in Vermont. In 1968, legislators decided to restrict the installation of billboards in towns or counties of Vermont. They have restricted the advertisements to preserve the natural beauty of the state.

We hope you enjoyed some of the fun facts and details about the GREEN Mountain State of Vermont. If you are from VT, or have traveled there, feel free to share some thoughts of your own about the state of Vermont.

73 for now, Kevin N1KL

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On occasion we will post some “opinion” oriented articles on the GERATOL Website, to spur discussion and thought regarding a variety of topics, germane to the hobby of Amateur Radio.

This article discusses, “The lost art of rag-chewing”

Based on GERATOL Net participants, the majority of GERATOLers have quite a few years as licensed operators under their belts. The success of our 50/50 Award is proof of that fact. Luckily, for the survival of the net going forward, we also have a good cadre of fairly new operators, who also join the net in search of their basic award qualifications, and for the comradery experienced on our net. While I realize, our GERATOL Net is not conducive to lengthy Rag Chewing, but rather is dedicated to a specific activity, we can, none the less, look at our hobby from another, non-Worked All States perspective.

I’d like to pose a question to both groups, namely, the old timers as well as the newer members of the fraternity of Ham Radio. Whatever happened to the age-old Ham Radio tradition of Rag Chewing ??? For those not familiar with the term, RAG CHEWING means to have a fairly lengthy conversation with another amateur operator. I think the Rag Chewers Club (RCC) was the first Amateur Radio award for which I qualified. To qualify, one need only provide evidence of having made a single QSO that lasted more than 30 minutes. The implication being that such a contact involves interacting with another Ham to cover more than the abbreviated signal report and location contact.

EXAMPLE of RCC Certificate

Such lengthy conversations were prevalent on all bands, not just the HF bands at one time. I recall having rag chew round tables on Six Meters back in the 60’s, with as many as 20 stations participating, that would last for two hours or more. I remember putting up omni-directional stacked Cushcraft Squalo antennas, so I could hear the stations from all directions… My RCC Award was initiated by a fellow ham in the same state, on six meters, where we had chatted for over an hour.

Cushcraft ASQ-15 - Cushcraft Squalo Antennas
Cushcraft Squalo

Seems today, the norm is more like, “Your 5-9, state is MA, 73’s” Along this same trend, is the loss of VHF Repeater activity. I also recall, as do many of you, no doubt, the 2 Meter daily “round tables” with fellow sufferers headed into the salt mines each day. A one hour commute, was shortened in scope, by interacting with fellow travelers along the asphalt jungle, via 2 Meter or even 440 repeater activity.

In addition to the “5-9, see you later” QSO’s, we can now add in the newest modes of communication, via digital exchanges. Don’t get me wrong, I am a firm believer in new and exciting modes of operating. It is clearly one of Ham Radio’s greatest contributions to communications. Namely, the adoption, development and use of new modes of communication. Heck, I am not only a believer, but a user of them as well. On the plus side, it allows communications via using much lower power, with more simple antenna arrangements, and under poor band conditions, which of course, we have been subjected to the last several years. However, with the advent of modes such as FT-8, two ops don’t even need to be at their respective radios when the exchanges are made. It’s all mechanized, without the personal touch that comes from legacy-mode human-to-human contacts and conversation.

The good news about our net, the GERATOL net, is that we are lucky to have Net Control Operators who not only promote the original mission of the net, namely, to allow two stations to confirm QSO’s in the effort to obtain working all 50 states, but they also promote a friendly, and cordial dialogue, not only between check-ins and NCS, but from one operator to another. We ALWAYS, exchange names along with QSO’s. Some WAS nets, don’t even bother with that. We get to know each other, and our interests as well. If you need proof, check into the net on Wednesday evenings, and listen to how cordial, friendly, welcoming and down right FUN the net can be when Bob, AI4IL runs the net.

Beyond our net though, “I’m Just Sayin’ “ let’s take the time to reach out to new Hams and have a real conversation with them. If you are into CW, jump down to the slower speed areas of 80 and 40 meters, typically around 3.535-40 and 7.035-40 respectively, and have a nice QSO with a chap learning the code. Or, jump on to any of the HF bands and put out a CQ !! Or, fire up the 2meter rig for something other than a local net, and say, Your call sign, followed by “Listening” and have a QSO with someone….

Let’s not lose our ability to communicate human-to-human with our fellow Ham operators, but above all, HAVE FUN !!

Feel free to weigh in, and make a “Comment” on this opinion POST. Am I right, or am I wrong ? Let’s hear from our fellow GERATOLers about this.

I’m Just Sayin’ – Kevin N1KL

posted by Kevin in GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comment (1)

W8BUD G# 2409 D# 496 SK

I am sorry to report that Bud Coulter, W8BUD G# 2409 D# 496 passed away on March 4, 2021.

News of his passing may be viewed at this link:

Barry K2MF G# 325 D# 739

posted by Barry K2MF in GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comments Off on W8BUD G# 2409 D# 496 SK


As part of our ongoing series on the 50 states, this POST will cover the state of Rhode Island, which was the 13th state to formally ratify the United States constitution, following North Carolina and just ahead of Vermont.

Flag of Rhode Island
State Seal

On May 4, 1776, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was the first of the Thirteen Colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, and it was the fourth state to ratify the Articles of Confederation, doing so on February 9, 1778. The state boycotted the 1787 convention, which drew up the United States Constitution and initially refused to ratify it; it was the last of the original 13 states to do so, on May 29, 1790, becoming the 13th state to officially ratify the constitution.

Image result for newport rhode island naval base
Newport Naval Base in Rhode Island

From its infancy during the Revolutionary War to its present day technology, the United States Navy has been a part of Narragansett Bay. Until the last two decades of the 19th century, a sailor learned most of his trade on the job. In the 1880s, a new concept of shore-based training for officers and enlisted personnel was developed, and the Navy turned to Narragansett Bay.

Newport is the Navy’s premier site for training officers, officer candidates, senior enlisted personnel and midshipman candidates, as well as conducting advanced undersea warfare and development systems. Having spent time being stationed there, I can attest to the amazing history and scenic beauty of the state, not the Naval base !! As the saying goes, I spent a year there, one month ! Awaiting orders for my next duty station.

Rhode Island is nicknamed the Ocean State and has a number of oceanfront beaches. It is mostly flat with no real mountains, and the state’s highest natural point is Jerimoth Hill, 812 feet above sea level.

Image result for Scarborough Beach Rhode Island Sunset
Scarborough Beach, RI

Rhode Island is also home to many tourist attractions, including the former “Summer Homes” aka: Mansions of the industrial age tycoons, including the Breakers, owned by the Vanderbilt family.

The Breakers – Newport, RI

Facts about Rhode Island.

  • Rhode Island has the longest official name of any state, the “State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.”
  • It is said that “the cradle of American industry began at the place of rushing water”. This happened in 1793 when Samuel Slater built a …
  • Rhode Island is the smallest state in the nation while Alaska is the largest. It could be fitted into Alaska 425 times.
  • Rhode Island is nicknamed the “Ocean State” because one can get to the ocean from anywhere in the state in less than an hour’s drive – the state is only 37 miles wide and 48 miles long
  • The American straw hat industry was launched by a 12-year-old Betsey Metcalf in 1798 when she started making inexpensive straw hats
straw hat
  • Portsmouth, RI is the first town in America to be established by a woman: – Anne Hutchinson.
  • The first NFL game at night was hosted in Rhode Island
  • With more than 1,000 manufacturers, Rhode Island is a leading jewelry producer. Rhode Island is also the 46th biggest exporter overall in the country.
  • America’s first Jazz festival was held in Newport in 1954.
  • Founded in 1922, WJAR was the state’s first radio station.
WJAR Christmas Card 1929
  • With twelve colleges and universities, higher education is one of the state’s major industries.
  • One of those universities, Johnson and Wales, boasts a world renowned culinary arts curriculum
Statue of wildcat at Providence Campus
John & Wales University

That’s it for now…..we hope you enjoy reading about some our 50 States, and their fun facts. Please feel free to place a “Comment” under this POST, should you have any of your own experiences, having either visited or heard about the little state of Rhode Island.

73 Kevin N1KL

posted by Kevin in From the Administrator,GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comments (5)


From Awards Manager:

Effective Feb.9th 2021

DO NOT Mail any Award or Endorsement applications to my home address. Mail all Award & Endorsement applications to my Florida address at:

                                    Subset Harbour Villas Unit 313

                                    7472 Sunset Harbour Dr.

                                    Navarre, Florida 32566

As of March 26th 2021, mail all Award & Endorsements applications to my home address in Michigan as Sandy and I will be returning home March 31st.

Our son will be at our house and getting all of our mail. All Award & Endorsement certificates & stickers will be processed and mailed to you upon my return home.

Be sure to include on your application and how you want your name to appear on your certificates. Also please include a valid phone number and email address. That way I can call you / email you if there is a problem or to let you know what your GERATOL number and or Directors number are, so you can use them right away instead of waiting for a Certificate.

All applications will be processed the same day as received. If you have any questions call me on my cell phone 231-794-9929 or send me an email to

Thanks for your understanding and help.

Dave KJ8V Awards  Manager

posted by Dave KJ8V in Awards Manager,GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comments (3)


As part of our ongoing series on the 50 states, this POST will cover the state of North Carolina, which was the 12th state to formally ratify the United States constitution, following New York and just ahead of Rhode Island.

Official seal of North Carolina

North Carolina was established as a royal colony in 1729 and is one of the original Thirteen Colonies. North Carolina is named in honor of King Charles I of England who first formed the English colony, Carolus being Latin for “Charles”.

Blue Ridge Mountains

North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. So many ships have been lost off Cape Hatteras that the area is known as the “Graveyard of the Atlantic”; more than a thousand ships have sunk in these waters since records began in 1526. The most famous of these is the Queen Anne’s Revenge (flagship of the pirate Blackbeard), which went aground in Beaufort Inlet in 1718

Image result for Blackbeard's Ship. Size: 131 x 100. Source:
Blackbeard’s Ship

A drugstore clerk named Caleb Bradham from the city of New Bern invented a syrupy drink in the year 1893 that he claimed helped with digestion. He called it Brad’s Drink. He changed the name of the drink to “Pepsi-Cola” in 1898. In 1903, Bradham became wholly invested in the business and sold 7,968 gallons of Pepsi-Cola in the same year.

Image result for Old TIME Pepsi COLA logo. Size: 159 x 106. Source:
Old Pepsi Logo

Cape Hatteras, at 210-feet-tall, is the tallest brick lighthouse in the United States and the second tallest in the world. It was reconstructed in 1870 and is a popular tourist attraction today.

Cape Hatteras Lighthouse - Buxton, North Carolina
Cape Hatteras Lighthouse

The University of North Carolina was founded in 1789 and today has a student population of about 30,000. The university first held its classes in 1795. The University of North Carolina, North Carolina State University, and Duke University now form what is popularly known as the Research Triangle

The first commercial winery — Medoc Vineyard — was established in 1835. Today, the state has over 400 vineyards and 200 commercial wineries. Nestled in the foothill of the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Yadkin Valley is a famous wine destination that attracts thousands of tourists each year.

Vernon Rudolph and his uncle bought the recipe for Krispy Kreme donuts from a French chef named Joe LeBeau in the year 1937. Rudolph saw potential in the recipe and decided to start his donut shop. In the summer of 1937, Rudolph moved to the present-day Winston-Salem and started his donut shop. The first Krispy Kreme Donuts were made on July 13, 1937.

The Wright Brothers may have been born in Ohio and Indiana, but they chose North Carolina to test their first flight. The brothers chose the beach town of Kitty Hawk as it gave them the privacy and steady winds needed to test the flight. The siblings tested their first flight on December 17, 1903. The flight flew 20 feet above the ground, lasted 12 seconds, and covered a distance of 120 feet.

Image result for Wright Brothers. Size: 288 x 160. Source:

Additional Fun Facts about the state of North Carolina:

  • Babe Ruth had his first professional home run in Fayetteville on March 7th, 1914.
  • This state has the largest state-maintained highway system in the US. North Carolina’s highway system has 77,400 miles of roads.
  • James K Polk was born in Mecklenburg, North Carolina. He was also the 11th president of the US.
  • The nation’s seventh president Andrew Jackson was born in the Waxsaws area on the border of North and South Carolina.
  • The first miniature golf course was built in Fayetteville North Carolina.
  • North Carolina is nicknamed ‘Tar Heel State.’ While no one is sure where this name came from, the story goes that back when North Carolina was the leading producer of tar, someone noticed footprints in the tar and that’s how the name came about.
  • On average, North Carolina is hit by a hurricane almost every 4 years. (Every 3.44 years to be exact.)
  • NASCAR was born in North Carolina, and all because of moonshine. During prohibition the state was known as the “Moonshine Capital of the World.” The repeal of Prohibition in 1933 didn’t stop them and in fact, they knew they needed to get faster. Hence, stock car racing and eventually NASCAR.
  • Today, 100,000 Native Americans still live in North Carolina. It’s the eighth largest in the US and you won’t find any state east of the Mississippi River with a larger population.
posted by Kevin in GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comments Off on NORTH CAROLINA

Chuck Ralph W3CR G# 1923 Silent Key

I am very sorry to report that Chuck Ralph W3CR G#1923 D#226 became a silent key on February 18, 2021.

Chuck was also a very active mobiler and county hunter for many years and earned the CQ Magazine USA-CA Award #955 on September 15, 1998.

News of Chuck’s passing may be viewed here:

73 Barry K2MF G#325 D#739

posted by Barry K2MF in GERATOL NET NEWS and have Comment (1)